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A lot of black people don’t know anything about The Great Migration. But at the turn of the century, many African Americans were in the south working agricultural jobs. But the south was dangerous. Southerners had not yet learned to respect African Americans as free human beings worthy of basic dignity and respect. Also, the jobs were low-paying and the work was difficult.
So, for about 50 years, millions of African Americans made the move to the north or the midwest. Chicago was one of the primary hubs to which many African Americans moved. The start of the big move was actually 1893, and it opened a host of new opportunities for blacks.
The working class didn’t initially join up with the Great Migration, mainly because the industrial jobs were shut off to blacks. But eventually, that changed, which led to an even greater influx of people of color from the south. The only time they hired black people initially was when companies needed strike breakers. But this work was temporary.
Watch this video. It will teach you a lot.